Topical lipophilic epigallocatechin-3-gallate on herpes labialis: a phase II clinical trial of AverTeaX formula.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2015 Dec ;120(6):717-24. Epub 2015 Sep 5. PMID: 26548726
OBJECTIVE: Previous in vitro and in vivo studies indicated that catechins from the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) have a therapeutic effect on herpes simplex virus infections. The aim of this study was to clinically evaluate a topical proprietary formulation containing lipophilic catechins (AverTeaX, Camellix, LLC, Evans, GA, USA) on recurrent herpes labialis.
STUDY DESIGN: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial with 40 participants, initially in two groups.
RESULTS: Compared with the vehicle (100% glycerin USP, CVS Pharmacies, Inc., Woonsocket, RI, USA) group, AverTeaX applied topically six to eight times daily resulted in a significant reduction in clinical episode duration (median 4.5 days vs. 9 days; P = .003) and shortened blistering and ulceration stages within an episode from a median of 3 days to 1 day (P = .0003). Median quality-of-life scores, based on a multiquestion survey, showed significant differences between the groups with respect to duration of itching, from a medianof 4 days to 1 day (P = .0021), and duration until symptom free, from a median of 8 days to 4 days (P = .0016). Significant differences were not found for median scores for itching, pain, burning, swelling, bleeding, and stress. Adverse effects were not reported.
CONCLUSION: AverTeaX formulation containing lipophilic catechins effectively inhibited herpes simplex labialis infection with clinical significance.