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Abstract Title:

Bacopa monnieri extract increases rat coronary flow and protects against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury.

Abstract Source:

BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017 Feb 20 ;17(1):117. Epub 2017 Feb 20. PMID: 28219356

Abstract Author(s):

Sirintorn Srimachai, Sylvie Devaux, Celine Demougeot, Sarawut Kumphune, Nina D Ullrich, Ernst Niggli, Kornkanok Ingkaninan, Natakorn Kamkaew, C Norman Scholfield, Sompol Tapechum, Krongkarn Chootip

Article Affiliation:

Sirintorn Srimachai

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: This study explored Bacopa monnieri, a medicinal Ayurvedic herb, as a cardioprotectant against ischemia/reperfusion injury using cardiac function and coronary flow as end-points.

METHODS: In normal isolated rat hearts, coronary flow, left ventricular developed pressure, heart rate, and functional recovery were measured using the Langendorff preparation. Hearts were perfused with either (i) Krebs-Henseleit (normal) solution, (control), or with 30, 100 μg/ml B. monnieri ethanolic extract (30 min), or (ii) with normal solution or extract for 10 min preceding no-perfusion ischemia (30 min) followed by reperfusion (30 min) with normal solution. Infarct volumes were measured by triphenyltetrazolium staining. L-type Ca(2+)-currents (ICa, L) weremeasured by whole-cell patching in HL-1 cells, a mouse atrial cardiomyocyte cell line. Cytotoxicity of B. monnieri was assessed in rat isolated ventricular myocytes by trypan blue exclusion.

RESULTS: In normally perfused hearts, B. monnieri increased coronary flow by 63 ± 13% (30 μg/ml) and 216 ± 21% (100 μg/ml), compared to control (5 ± 3%) (n = 8-10, p < 0.001). B. monnieri treatment preceding ischemia/reperfusion improved left ventricular developed pressure by 84 ± 10% (30 μg/ml), 82 ± 10% (100 μg/ml) and 52 ± 6% (control) compared to pre- ischemia/reperfusion. Similarly, functional recovery showed a sustained increase. Moreover, B. monnieri (100 μg/ml) reduced the percentage of infarct size from 51 ± 2% (control) to 25 ± 2% (n = 6-8, p < 0.0001). B. monnieri (100 μg/ml) reduced ICa, L by 63 ± 4% in HL-1 cells. Ventricular myocyte survival decreased at higher concentrations (50-1000 μg/ml) B. monnieri.

CONCLUSIONS: B. monnieri improves myocardial function following ischemia/reperfusion injury through recovery of coronary blood flow, contractile force and decrease in infarct size. Thus this may lead to a novel cardioprotectant strategy.

Study Type : Animal Study

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