Baicalein could alleviate the migraine-like headaches induced in this study. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Analgesia effect of baicalein against NTG-induced migraine in rats.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Mar 23 ;90:116-121. Epub 2017 Mar 23. PMID: 28343071
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a complex nervous system disease characterized by typical throbbing and unilateral headache, which causes severe healthy and social issues worldwide. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of baicalein (BAI) on the treatment of migraine.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four rats were randomly divided equally into four groups, including a blank group, model group, positive group (ibuprofen tablets 82mg/kg), and BAI group (60mg/kg). All rats were intragastrically treated with the corresponding treatment for 10 consecutive days, and they were subcutaneously injected with NTG (10mg/kg) 1h after the last treatment, except in the blank group. After model establishment, the behaviors of all rats, including scratching head and shaking body were observed continuously for 100min. Four hours after NTG treatment, all rats were anaesthetized and the blood was collected. Thereafter, nitric oxide (NO) in plasma was determined by colorimetric method, the level of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and endothelin (ET) were detected by radioimmunoassay method. In addition, immunohistochemistry was applied to detect c-Fos neuronal activity in trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC).
RESULTS: Behavioral research showed that BAI administration alleviated the hyperalgesia in migraine rats. Compared with the model group, the levels of NO and CGRP in BAI administration groups were markedly decreased (p<0.01), and the levels of ET was significantly increased (p<0.01). Meanwhile, immunohistochemistry results showed that NTG treatment significantly activated c-Fos neurons while BAI treatment inhibited the expression of c-Fos.
CONCLUSIONS: BAI could alleviate the migraine-like headache induced by NTG, which is related to the regulation of vasoactive substances. These findings may contribute to the further study of BAI as a potential drug for migraine pharmacotherapy.