Baicalein reverses 5-FU resistance in cancer cells under hypoxia. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Baicalein reverses hypoxia-induced 5-FU resistance in gastric cancer AGS cells through suppression of glycolysis and the PTEN/Akt/HIF-1α signaling pathway.
Oncol Rep. 2014 Oct 17. Epub 2014 Oct 17. PMID: 25333894
Cancer cells can survive under hypoxia by metabolic reprogramming to achieve a high level of glycolysis, which contributes to the development of chemoresistance. Therefore, inhibition of glycolysis would be a novel strategy for overcoming hypoxia‑induced drug resistance. Baicalein, a flavonoid derived from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis, has been reported to exert strong antitumor activity toward various types of cancer. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of baicalein on hypoxia-induced 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) resistance ingastric cancer AGS cells and investigated the possible molecular mechanisms. We found that baicalein increased the sensitivity of AGS cells to 5-FU treatment under hypoxia. In addition, the hypoxia-enhanced glycolytic flux and expression of several critical glycolysis-associated enzymes (HK2, LDH-Aand PDK1) in the AGS cells were suppressed by baicalein. Furthermore, baicalein inhibited hypoxia-induced Akt phosphorylation by promoting PTEN accumulation, thereby attenuating hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) expression in AGS cells. These results together suggest that inhibition of glycolysis via regulation of the PTEN/Akt/HIF-1α signaling pathway may be one of the mechanisms whereby baicalein reverses 5-FU resistance in cancer cells under hypoxia.