Bamboo extract protects against amyloid beta and oxidative stress induced cell toxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Effects of Bambusae concretio Salicea (Chunchukhwang) on amyloid beta-induced cell toxicity and antioxidative enzymes in cultured rat neuronal astrocytes.
Indian J Exp Biol. 2006 Sep;44(9):705-18. PMID: 15814257
Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Internal Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Dongguk University and National Research Laboratory for Glycobiology, Kyungju City, Sukjang-Dong 707, Kyungbuk 780-714, Republic of Korea.
Bambusae concretio Salicea (BCS; plant family name: Phyllostachys bambusoides Siebold et Zuccarinii) is a medicinal plant used in Korea for the treatment of various symptoms accompanying hypertension and cerebrovascular disorders. Previously, it was shown that BCS is an effective protectant against oxidative glutamate toxicity in the murine neuroblastoma cells and human neuroblastoma cells. Treatment with BCS increased the secretion of the non-amyloidogenic amyloid precursor protein fragment, and decreased the secretion of amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides from neuronal cells [Jeong, J.C., Seo, Y.J., Kim, H.M., Lee, Y.C., Kim, C.H., 2003. Inhibitory effects of Bombusae concretio Salicea on neuronal secretion of Alzheimer's beta-amyloid peptides, a neuro-degenerative peptide. Neurochemical Research 28, 1785-1792.]. To further examine the pharmacological activity of BCS, we studied the protective effect of the water extracts on Abeta25-35 peptide-induced neuronal death by microscopic observation and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay, and action on antioxidative enzymes using cultured astrocyte cells. Ten microM Abeta25-35-induced cell death was protected by the application of water extract of BCS in a dose-dependent manner, and concentrations of 1-10 microg/ml had a significant effect compared to exposure to Abeta25-35 only. When antioxidative enzyme activities such as catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) were assayed after Abeta25-35 treatment, the enzymes were decreased in a similar fashion. However, those activities were enhanced by BCS treatment and this may have resulted from the potentiation of antioxidative ability by BCS. The ability of BCS to reduce cellular cytotoxicity induced by 10 microM Abeta25-35 suggests that BCS may be a protective agent for free radical generating compounds such as Abeta25-35, and that Abeta25-35 is not only a potent lipid peroxide inducer, but also causes changes in antioxidative enzymes. From the results, it was concluded that BCS has a protective effect on Abeta-induced neuronal death in cultured astrocyte cells through the inhibition of lipid peroxidation and protection of antioxidative enzymes.