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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Effects of beetroot juice supplementation on intermittent high-intensity exercise efforts.

Abstract Source:

J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2018 ;15:2. Epub 2018 Jan 5. PMID: 29311764

Abstract Author(s):

Raúl Domínguez, José Luis Maté-Muñoz, Eduardo Cuenca, Pablo García-Fernández, Fernando Mata-Ordoñez, María Carmen Lozano-Estevan, Pablo Veiga-Herreros, Sandro Fernandes da Silva, Manuel Vicente Garnacho-Castaño

Article Affiliation:

Raúl Domínguez

Abstract:

Beetroot juice contains high levels of inorganic nitrate (NO) and its intake has proved effective at increasing blood nitric oxide (NO) concentrations. Given the effects of NO in promoting vasodilation and blood flow with beneficial impacts on muscle contraction, several studies have detected an ergogenic effect of beetroot juice supplementation on exercise efforts with high oxidative energy metabolism demands. However, only a scarce yet growing number of investigations have sought to assess the effects of this supplement on performance at high-intensity exercise. Here we review the few studies that have addressed this issue. The databases Dialnet, Elsevier, Medline, Pubmed and Web of Science were searched for articles in English, Portuguese and Spanish published from 2010 to March 31 to 2017 using the keywords: beet or beetroot or nitrate or nitrite and supplement or supplementation or nutrition or"sport nutrition"and exercise or sport or"physical activity"or effort or athlete. Nine articles fulfilling the inclusion criteria were identified. Results indicate that beetroot juice given as a single dose or over a few days may improve performance at intermittent, high-intensity efforts with short rest periods. The improvements observed were attributed to faster phosphocreatine resynthesis which could delay its depletion during repetitive exercise efforts. In addition, beetroot juice supplementation could improve muscle power output via a mechanism involving a faster muscle shortening velocity. The findings of some studies also suggested improved indicators of muscular fatigue, though the mechanism involved in this effect remains unclear.

Study Type : Review
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Exercise : CK(4855) : AC(736)
Problem Substances : Sodium Nitrate : CK(5) : AC(0)

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