Beneficial effects of Aronia melanocarpa berry extract on hepatic insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus rats.
J Food Sci. 2020 Apr ;85(4):1307-1318. Epub 2020 Apr 6. PMID: 32249934
We aimed to investigate) the effects of Aronia melanocarpa berry extract (AMBE) on hepatic insulin resistance and its mechanism at the molecular level in high-fat diet (HFD)- and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rats. The rats were supplemented with AMBE at doses of 100 and 400 mg/kg body weight (bw) daily for 8 weeks. AMBE significantly reduced blood glucose and serum insulin levels and the homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance score; improved glucose tolerance; increased hepatic glycogen content; and regulated glucose metabolism enzyme activity, includingglucokinase, pyruvate kinase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, and glucose-6-phosphatase in the liver. AMBE also reduced lipid accumulation and oxidative stress along with inflammation in the hepatic tissue of T2DM rats and improved hepatic function. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway was activated by AMBE through the elevation of insulin receptor substrate-2, PI3K, Akt, and glycogen synthase kinase-3β phosphorylation and glucose transporter 2, which might contribute to the promotion of glycogen synthesis and improvement of hepatic insulin resistance. AMBE shows promise as an ingredient of functional foods for alleviating hepatic insulin resistance in T2DM. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: The extract from the berries of Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliott (AMBE), with its relatively high content of polyphenolic compounds, has been shown to exert hypoglycemic effects in animal models of diabetes. Our findings support the use of A. melanocarpa as a functional food additive for the alleviation of hepatic insulin resistance and the management of glucose homeostasis in T2DM.