Beneficial effects of paeoniflorin on osteoporosis induced by high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet-associated hyperlipidemia in vivo.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2018 04 15 ;498(4):981-987. Epub 2018 Mar 17. PMID: 29550473
Osteoporosis is linked to reduced bone mineral density (BMD) as a major risk factor for fragility fractures. Recent studies indicated an association between BMD and abnormally elevated lipid levels in blood as common indicators for hyperlipidemia. In this study, we assessed the protective effect of paeoniflorin, a phytochemical compound with multiple pharmacological activities, against hyperlipidemia-induced osteoporosis in rats fed a high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet (HCHF). The special diet-fed rats were subjected to an 8-week treatment with either paeoniflorin (20 mg/kg, daily) or vehicle. The control group received a normal diet during the entire study. At study conclusion, serum markers of lipid metabolism and bone turnover were measured. Bone strength was assessed by biomechanical testing, and femurs were scanned using micro-computed tomography to analyze trabecular and cortical bone structure. Interestingly, paeoniflorin controlled the serum lipid profile by significantly decreasing HCHF-induced high levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Paeoniflorin significantly improved trabecular and cortical parameters as well as femur length and width that were negatively affected by HCHF diet. Biomechanical strength testing showed that femurs of HCHF diet-fed rats endured significantly lower force but higher displacement and strain than those of control rats, whereas paeoniflorin reversed the negative effects. Moreover, paeoniflorin rescued osteoblast differentiation and cell spreading activities along with bone turnover markers. In conclusion, HCHF-induced hyperlipidemia caused adverse effects on the bone that were rescued by paeoniflorin treatment.