n/a
Abstract Title:

Berbamine induced AMPK activation regulates mTOR/SREBP-1c axis and Nrf2/ARE pathway to allay lipid accumulation and oxidative stress in steatotic HepG2 cells.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Pharmacol. 2020 Jun 8:173244. Epub 2020 Jun 8. PMID: 32526241

Abstract Author(s):

Ankita Sharma, Sumit Kr Anand, Neha Singh, Upendra Nath Dwivedi, Poonam Kakkar

Article Affiliation:

Ankita Sharma

Abstract:

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is emanating as a global cataclysm. This study was designed to investigate the antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and fat metabolism-regulating potential of berbamine (BBM), a natural bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid. BBM attenuated intracellular lipid accumulation in oleic-acid exposed HepG2 cells (0.5 mM) by inhibiting fatty acid uptake, lipogenesis, and promoting fatty acid β-oxidation by activating AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α. Berbamine (5 μM) induced AMPK activation (P < 0.001) via LKB1 (Ser-428) and elevated AMP:ATP ratio (P < 0.001). AMPK activation negatively regulated mTOR and also constrained the nuclear translocation of SREBP-1c and inhibited the lipogenic proteins, stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD-1) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) (P < 0.001). BBM stimulated nuclear translocation of redox-sensitive nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) and increased hepatic expression of Nrf2 responsive enzymes, HO-1 and Nqo-1. BBM treatment reduced the oxidative burst and pro-inflammatory responses by significantly enhancing hepatic antioxidant defenses [SOD (P < 0.001), catalase (P < 0.001) and cellular glutathione (P < 0.01)] and diminishing NF-κB regulated proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, and IL-6) levels respectively. TEM analysis confirmed the disruption of mitochondrial structure and reduction in mitochondrial size (50.97%, P < 0.001) in steatotic HepG2 cells which was significantly prevented by 5 μM BBM treatment (71.84% as compared to control, P < 0.01). Pre-treatment of Compound C (AMPK inhibitor, 25 μM) greatly repressed the anti-steatotic properties exhibited by BBM confirming the involvement of AMPK signaling pathway. In summary, the results manifest that BBM reduces intracellular lipid accumulation via AMPK/mTOR/SREBP-1c axis mediated regulation of lipid metabolism and upsurged nuclear stability of Nrf2 by promoting AMPK/Nrf2 association to ameliorate oxidative stress/proinflammatory response.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.