Berteroin ameliorates lipid accumulation through AMPK-mediated regulation of hepatic lipid metabolism and inhibition of adipocyte differentiation.
Life Sci. 2021 Jun 1:119668. Epub 2021 Jun 1. PMID: 34087283
Yeon Ju Kim
AIMS: Berteroin (5-methylthiopentyl isothiocyanate) is a naturally occurring sulforaphane analog containing a non-oxidized sulfur atom in cruciferous vegetables. The objectives of the present study were to determine the effects of berteroin on lipid metabolism in hepatocytes and adipocytes and to elucidate the mechanisms involved.
MAIN METHODS: The effect of berteroin on lipid metabolism were evaluated in liver X receptorα agonist-stimulated HepG2 cells and adipocyte differentiation-induced 3 T3-L1 cells using MTT assay, western blot, real time polymerase chain reaction, oil red O staining, and triglyceride assay.
KEY FINDINGS: T0901317 treatment increased the expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1c, a major transcription factor that mediates lipogenesis, and berteroin pretreatment significantly inhibited the expressions of T0901317-induced SREBP-1c and lipogenic genes. Especially, berteroin had a greater inhibitory effect on T0901317-induced SREBP-1c activation than sulforaphane, AICAR, or metformin. Berteroin also markedly suppressed lipid droplet formations and triglyceride accumulations caused by both T0901317 stimulation in HepG2 hepatocytes and differentiation induction in 3 T3-L1 preadipocytes. However, berteroin significantly increased the expression of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation-related genes (carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT-1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1α) and the phosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in HepG2 cells. Interestingly, effects of berteroin on the expressions of SREBP-1c protein and CPT-1 mRNA were remarkably prevented by compound C (an AMPK inhibitor).
SIGNIFICANCE: Our results suggest berteroin-inhibited hepatic lipid accumulation and adipocyte differentiation might be mediated by AMPK activation and that berteroin might be useful for the prevention, amelioration, and treatment of metabolic diseases, including hepatic steatosis.