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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Betulinic acid shows anticancer activity against equine melanoma cells and permeates isolated equine skin in vitro.

Abstract Source:

BMC Vet Res. 2020 Feb 5 ;16(1):44. Epub 2020 Feb 5. PMID: 32024502

Abstract Author(s):

Lisa A Weber, Jessica Meißner, Julien Delarocque, Jutta Kalbitz, Karsten Feige, Manfred Kietzmann, Anne Michaelis, Reinhard Paschke, Julia Michael, Barbara Pratscher, Jessika-M V Cavalleri

Article Affiliation:

Lisa A Weber

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Equine malignant melanoma (EMM) is a frequently occurring dermoepidermal tumor in grey horses. Currently available therapies are either challenging or inefficient. Betulinic acid (BA), a naturally occurring triterpenoid, is a promising compound for cancer treatment. To evaluate the potential of BA as a topical therapy for EMM, its anticancer effects on primary equine melanoma cells and dermal fibroblasts and its percutaneous permeation through isolated equine skin were assessed in vitro.

RESULTS: BA showed antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects on both primary equine melanoma cells and fibroblasts in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The lowest half-maximal inhibitory concentrations were obtained 96 h after the beginning of drug exposure (12.7 μmol/L and 23.6 μmol/L for melanoma cells eRGO1 and MelDuWi, respectively, in cytotoxicity assay). High concentrations of the compound were reached in the required skin layers in vitro.

CONCLUSION: BA is a promising substance for topical EMM treatment. Further clinical studies in horses are necessary to assess safety and antitumoral effects in vivo.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Antiproliferative : CK(4773) : AC(3450)

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