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Abstract Title:

Biochanin A improves insulin sensitivity and controls hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes.

Abstract Source:

Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Nov ;107:1119-1127. Epub 2018 Aug 27. PMID: 30257324

Abstract Author(s):

Manisha J Oza, Yogesh A Kulkarni

Article Affiliation:

Manisha J Oza

Abstract:

Biochanin A (5,7-Dihydroxy-4'-methoxyisoflavone) is an O-methylated isoflavone known for its anti-inflammatory, lipid lowering and anti-cancer activity. The current study was designed to find out antidiabetic efficacy of Biochanin A in type 2 diabetes in rats. Induction of type 2 diabetes mellitus in experimental animals was carried out by manipulation of diet using high fat diet for fourteen days and then administration of streptozotocin at low dose of 35 mg/kg, i.p. The diabetic animals were treated with 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg of Biochanin A for 28 days. The effect of Biochanin A treatment in diabetic animals was evaluated by measuring changes in body weight, biochemical parameters, insulin sensitivity index, Homeostatic model assessment-Insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), oral glucose tolerance test, glycohaemoglobin and hepatic glycogen level. Changes in histopathological characteristics of pancreatic tissue were also evaluated after treatment with Biochanin A. Immunohistochemical analysis of pancreatic tissue was carried out for the expressionof SIRT1. The results showed that the selected doses of (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg) Biochanin A significantly decreased blood glucose (p < 0.001). The higher dose (40 mg/kg) of Biochanin A significantly reduced glucose tolerance (p < 0.001) in diabetic animals. Biochanin A treatment significantly reduced insulin resistance (p < 0.001) and improved inulin sensitivity (p < 0.01 for 10 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg, p < 0.001 for 40 mg/kg) at all selected dose levels. It also improved lipid profile significantly (p < 0.001) at lower, middle and higher dose level. Glycohaemoglobin formation was significantly decreased in diabetic animals (p < 0.001) after treatment with Biochanin A at all three dose levels. Liver glycogen level was also improved significantly after treatment with Biochanin A in diabetic animals at 20 mg/kg and 40 mg/kg dose level. Biochanin A at dose of 40 mg/kg increased SIRT1 expression in pancreatic tissue. In conclusion, Biochanin A has significant effect in type 2 diabetes mellitus which might be linked to its effects on SIRT1.

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