Bisphenol A exacerbates allergic inflammation. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Bisphenol A Exacerbates Allergic Inflammation in an Ovalbumin-Induced Mouse Model of Allergic Rhinitis.
J Immunol Res. 2020 ;2020:7573103. Epub 2020 Sep 8. PMID: 32964057
Purpose: Bisphenol A (BPA) is found in many plastic products and is thus a common environmental endocrine disruptor. Plastic-related health problems, including allergic diseases, are attracting increasing attention. However, few experimental studies have explored the effect of BPA on allergic rhinitis (AR). We explore whether BPA was directly related to the allergic inflammation induced by ovalbumin (OVA) in AR mice.
Methods: We first constructed OVA-induced mouse model, and after BPA administration, we evaluated nasal symptoms and measured the serum OVA-specific IgE levels by ELISA. Th2 and Treg-related cytokines of nasal mucosa were measured by cytometric bead array. Th2 and Treg-specific transcription factor levels were assayed by PCR. The proportions of CD3CD4IL-4Th2 and CD4HeliosFoxp3T cells (Tregs) in spleen tissue were determined by flow cytometry.
Results: Compared to OVA-only-induced mice, BPA addition increased nasal symptoms and serum OVA-specific IgE levels. OVA and BPA coexposure significantly increased IL-4 and IL-13 protein levels compared to those after OVA exposure alone. BPA plus OVA tended to decrease the IL-10 protein levels compared to those after OVA alone. Coexposure to OVA and BPA significantly increased the GATA-3-encoding mRNA level, and decreased the levels of mRNAs encoding Foxp3 and Helios, compared to those after OVA exposure alone. BPA increased the Th2 cell proportion, and decreased that of Tregs, compared to the levels with OVA alone.
Conclusion: BPA exerted negative effects by exacerbating AR allergic symptoms, increasing serum OVA-specific IgE levels, and compromising Th2 and Treg responses.