Bisphenol a exposure, DNA methylation, and asthma in children. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Bisphenol a Exposure, DNA Methylation, and Asthma in Children.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jan 1 ;17(1). Epub 2020 Jan 1. PMID: 31906378
Epidemiological studies have reported the relationship between bisphenol A (BPA) exposure and increased prevalence of asthma, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we investigated whether BPA exposure and DNA methylation related to asthma in children. We collected urinary and blood samples from 228 children (Childhood Environment and Allergic Diseases Study cohort) aged 3 years. Thirty-three candidate genes potentially interacting with BPA exposure were selected from a toxicogenomics database. DNA methylation was measured in 22 blood samples with top-high and bottom-low exposures of BPA. Candidate genes with differential methylation levels were validated by qPCR and promoter associated CpG islands have been investigated. Correlations between the methylation percentage and BPA exposure and asthma were analyzed. According to our findings,showed differential methylation and was further investigated in 228 children. Adjusting for confounders, urinary BPA glucuronide (BPAG) level inversely correlated withpromoter methylation (β = -0.539,= 0.010). For the logistic regression analysis,methylation status was dichotomized into higher methylated and lower methylated groups with cut off continuous variable of median of promoter methylation percentage (50%) while performing the analysis.methylation was lower in children with asthma than in children without asthma (mean± SD; 69.82 ± 5.88% vs. 79.82 ± 5.56%) (= 0.001). Mediation analysis suggested thatmethylation acts as a mediation variable between BPA exposure and asthma. The mechanism of BPA exposure on childhood asthma might, therefore, be through the alteration ofmethylation. The mechanism of BPA exposure on childhood asthma might, therefore, be through the alteration ofmethylation.