Bisphenol A impairs cognitive function and 5-HT metabolism in adult male mice by modulating the microbiota-gut-brain axis.
Chemosphere. 2021 May 26 ;282:130952. Epub 2021 May 26. PMID: 34082316
Bisphenol A (BPA) has been found to promote hepatotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, and developmental toxicity. However, the neurotoxicity and mechanism of BPA on cognitive function are still unclear. To that end, eight-week-old adult male and female C57BL/6J mice were exposed to 0.05, 0.5, 5, and 50 mg/kg BPA by dietary supplementation for 22 weeks. BPA exposure impaired learning and memory in male mice, associated with increased neuroinflammation and damaged blood-brain barrier. BPA exposure reduced the tight junctions in the colon, resulting in dysfunction of the gut barrier. The levels ofneurotransmitters in the serum, hippocampus, and colon of male mice, including tryptophan, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, were all decreased by BPA, together with reduced expression of tryptophan and 5-HT metabolism-related genes. Cecal microbiota analysis revealed that the diversity and composition of the microbiota in male mice were markedly altered by BPA, leading to functional profile changes in the microbial community. These results suggest that the neurotoxicity of BPA in male mice may be partly regulated by the interactions of the microbiota-gut-brain axis. However, BPA has little effect on the cognitive function in female mice, which might be caused by the microbial differences and the role of estrogen receptors.