Bisphenol A impairs reproductive fitness in zebrafish ovary. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Bisphenol A impairs reproductive fitness in zebrafish ovary: Potential involvement of oxidative/nitrosative stress, inflammatory and apoptotic mediators.
Environ Pollut. 2020 Dec ;267:115692. Epub 2020 Sep 19. PMID: 33254711
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a highly pervasive chemical in consumer products with its ascribed endocrine-disrupting properties. Several studies have shown the cytotoxic, genotoxic, and carcinogenic property of BPA over a multitude of tissues. Although BPA exposure has earlier been implicated in female infertility, the underlying molecular mechanisms explaining the toxicity of BPA in the ovary remains less understood. In the present study, a plausible correlation between redox balance or inflammatory signaling and reproductive fitness upon BPA exposure has been examined in zebrafish (Danio rerio) ovary. Congruent with significant alteration of major antioxidant enzymes (SOD1, SOD2, catalase, GPx1α, GSTα1) at the transcript level, 30 d BPA exposure at environmentally relevant concentrations (1, 10 and 100 μg L) promotes ovarian ROS/RNS synthesis, lipid peroxidation but attenuates catalase activity indicating elevated stress response. BPA promotes a sharp increase in ovarian p38 MAPK, NF-κB phosphorylation (activation), inducible nitric oxide synthase (Nos2a), and pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-1β) expression, the reliable markers for inflammatory response. Congruent to an increased number of atretic follicles, BPA-exposed zebrafish ovary reveals elevated Bax/Bcl2 ratio, activation of caspase-8, -3 and DNA breakdown suggesting heightened cell death. Importantly, significant alteration in nuclear estrogen receptor (ER) transcripts (esr1, esr2a, and esr2b) and proteins (ERα, ERβ), gonadotropin receptors, and markers associated with steroidogenesis and growth factor gene expression in BPA-exposed ovary correlates well with impaired ovarian functions and maturational response. Collectively, elevated oxidative/nitrosative stress-mediated inflammatory response and altered ER expression can influence ovarian health and reproductive fitness in organisms exposed toBPA environment.