Bisphenol S induced epigenetic and transcriptional changes in human breast cancer cell line MCF-7.
Environ Pollut. 2018 Dec 31 ;246:697-703. Epub 2018 Dec 31. PMID: 30616060
In recent years, concerns about using Bisphenol A (BPA) in daily consume products and its effects in many chronic human diseases have prompted the removal of BPA. However, the widely used BPA alternatives, including Bisphenol S (BPS), have a high structural similarity with BPA, suggesting that they may have similar biological effects towards human beings. Indeed, BPS was also found to have endocrine-disrupting effects. Epigenetic mechanism was reported to be involved in BPA-induced biological effects in both in vitro and in vivo models. However, there is no assessment on whether BPS could cause epigenetic changes. In this work, we investigated the possible epigenetic effects of BPS that might induce in human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. We found that BPS could change DNA methylation level of transposons. Besides, methylation status in promoter of breast cancer related genes CDH1, SFN, TNFRSF10C were also changed, which implied that BPS might play a role in the development of breast cancer. Gene expression profiling showed that some genes related to breast cancer progression were upregulated, including THBS4, PPARGC1A, CREB5, COL5A3. Gene ontology (GO) analysis of the differentially expressed genes revealed the significantly changes in PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and extracellular matrix, which were related to the proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. These results illustrated that BPS exposure might play roles in the progression of breast cancer.