Bisphenol A triggers the malignancy of acute myeloid leukemia cells via regulation of IL-4 and IL-6.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2019 Nov 12:e22412. Epub 2019 Nov 12. PMID: 31714645
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a cancer of hematopoietic stem cells with a rapid progression. The progression of AML can be regulated by estrogenic signals. Our present data showed that an industrial endocrine-disrupting chemical, bisphenol A (BPA), can promote the proliferation of AML cells and decrease their sensitivity to daunorubicin and cytarabine treatment. Among the tested cytokines, BPA treatment can decrease the expression of interleukin-4 (IL-4) while increasing the expression of IL-6. Overexpression of IL-4 or neutralization antibody of IL-6 (anti-IL-6) can attenuate BPA-induced proliferation of AML cells and reverse BPA-suppressed chemosensitivity. Furthermore, activation of nuclear factor kappa B is essential for BPA-induced upregulation of IL-6 in AML cells. As to IL-4, BPA can increase the expression of NFAT1 to inhibit its transcription. Collectively, our data showed that BPA can trigger the malignancy of AML cells via regulation of IL-4 and IL-6.