Effects of estradiol-17beta, testosterone and a black cohosh preparation on bone and prostate in orchidectomized rats.
Maturitas. 2005 Jun 16;51(2):177-86. PMID: 15917159
Estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) effectively prevent orchidectomy (orx) induced osteoporosis. T, however, stimulates prostate proliferation which may lead to malignancy. We showed that a Cimicifuga racemosa (CR) preparation had bone-sparing effects without exerting estrogenic effects in the uterus. We studied therefore whether a CR preparation has also antiosteoporotic effects in orx rats substituted with E2, T or CR via pelleted food over a period of 3 months. Average daily intake per animal was: T: 25 mg; E2: 0.325 mg, CR low dose: 33 mg; CR high dose: 133 mg. E2, T and CR at the high dose partially prevented development of osteoporosis as measured by quantitative computer tomography in the metaphysis of the tibia. E2, but not T or CR reduced serum osteocalcin and the metabolic products of collagen-1alpha1. Gene expression of collagen-1alpha1 and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase was decreased by E2 and the higher dose of the CR extract but increased in the T-treated animals. In the prostate T inhibited androgen receptor, estrogen receptor alpha and insulin-like growth factor-1 gene expression but stimulated the expression of the ERbeta gene. These effects were not shared by E2 or both doses of the CR extract. It is concluded that E2, T and CR exert antiosteoporotic effects in the metaphysis of the tibia of orx rats. T has profound effects in the prostate which were not seen in the E2- and CR-treated animals. Therefore, the Cimicifuga racemosa extract BNO 1055 may be useful to prevent osteoporosis in aged male patients with reduced testosterone production.