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Abstract Title:

Black mulberry fruit extract alleviates streptozotocin-induced diabetic nephropathy in rats: targeting TNF-α inflammatory pathway.

Abstract Source:

J Pharm Pharmacol. 2020 Aug 5. Epub 2020 Aug 5. PMID: 32754951

Abstract Author(s):

Tarek Kamal Abouzed, Kadry M Sadek, Emad Waded Ghazy, Walied Abdo, Mohmed Atef Kassab, Salma Hago, Samia Abdel-Wahab, Engy A Mahrous, Essam Abdel-Sattar, Doaa H Assar

Article Affiliation:

Tarek Kamal Abouzed

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the effect of Morus nigra fruit extract in retarding the progression of diabetic nephropathy in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.

METHODS: Diabetic male Wistar rats were injected with black mulberry fruit extract (BMFE) at doses of 150 and 300 mg/kg body weight. After 4 weeks, microalbuminuria was estimated in addition to serum concentrations of glucose, insulin, creatinine and albumin.

KEY FINDINGS: The study revealed a significant amelioration of all the measured parameters in diabetic animals. In addition, MDA, lipid peroxide levels and catalase activity were also improved. The histopathological examination of kidney tissues revealed significant improvement of the pathological changes and glomerular sclerosis in diabetic rats treated with BMFE. Treated rats showed downregulation of TNF-α, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and fibronectin mRNA expression.

CONCLUSION: The ameliorative effect of BMFE on diabetic nephropathy is not only through its potent antioxidant and hypoglycaemic effects but also through its downregulation of TNF-α, VCAM-1 and fibronectin mRNA expression in renal tissues of diabetic-treated rats. Therefore, BMFE as dietary supplement could be a promising agent in improving diabetic nephropathy.

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