Black mulberry polysaccharide ameliorates palmitate-induced lipotoxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Black mulberry (Morus nigra L.) polysaccharide ameliorates palmitate-induced lipotoxicity in hepatocytes by activating Nrf2 signaling pathway.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Mar 1 ;172:394-407. Epub 2021 Jan 13. PMID: 33450344
Black mulberry (Morus nigra L.) has shown health benefits against metabolic disorders. Lipotoxicity is considered as a potentially cause of metabolic syndrome, and there is no effective treatment. However, the protective effect and its mechanism of black mulberry against lipotoxicity are unclear. In this study, three polysaccharide fractions (BP1, BP2, BP3) were isolated from black mulberry by stepwise precipitation with 30%, 60%, and 90% of ethanol and analyzed by GPC, HPLC and FT-IR methods. BP1 exhibited a better protective effect than BP2 and BP3 on palmitic acid (PA)-induced lipotoxicity in HepG2 cells. BP1 effectively reduced PA-induced lipotoxicity by eliminating accumulation of ROS, improving mitochondrial function, reversing glutathione depletion and enhancing antioxidant enzyme activities. Mechanistically, BP1 activated the Nrf2 signaling pathway, a master regulator of the antioxidant defense system, through increasing Nrf2 nuclear translocation and phosphorylation. Collectively, these results demonstrate that BP1 has the great potential for applications in lipid disorders.