Protective effect of black tea extract on the levels of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes in liver of mice with pesticide-induced liver injury.
Cell Biochem Funct. 2006 Jul-Aug;24(4):327-32. PMID: 15991261
Department of Biochemistry, Government Home Science College, Chandigarh, India. firstname.lastname@example.org
Sub-acute hepatotoxicity was induced in mice by exposure to pesticides. The effect of pretreatment with aqueous black tea extract on lipid peroxidation and antioxidants in the liver was investigated. Administering a combination dose of chlorpyriphos and cypermethrin (20 mg kg(-1) each) on alternate days over a 15-day period to male mice resulted in induction of sub-acute toxicity as reflected by elevated levels of liver damage marker enzymes alkaline phosphatase(ALP), aspartate transaminase(AST) and alanine transaminase(ALT). Significantly elevated levels of lipid peroxidation were observed in the experimental group (group III) as compared with control mice. Decreased activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), reduced glutathione (GSH), total thiol, glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase(GR) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) were also observed in pesticide-treated as compared to control mice. Aqueous black tea extract was given as a pretreatment to group IV mice at a dose of 200 mg ml(-1) polyphenols before the pesticide dose, which significantly decreased the levels of lipid peroxidation and significantly elevated the activities of SOD, CAT, GSH, total thiol, GPx, GR and GST in liver to levels similar to the controls. Thus, the data offer support for the claim that the central mechanism of pesticide action occurs via changes in cellular oxidative status and shows conclusively that supplementation with black tea extract protects against the free radical-mediated oxidative stress in hepatocytes of animals with pesticide-induced liver injury.