[The effect of blue light on mitochondrial membrane potential and cytochrome C of cultured human retinal pigment epithelium cells].
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2005 Jan ;36(1):57-9, 96. PMID: 15702781
OBJECTIVE: To answer the question whether mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) participates in blue light-induced damage to human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells, this study was directed at assessing the effect of blue light on mitochondrial membrane potential (delta psi(m)) and cytochrome C (Cyt C) of cultured human RPE cells.
METHODS: Human RPE cells were exposed to blue light (wave length 470-490 nm); delta psi(m) was measured by rhodamine 123 staining and subsequent flow cytometry. Three groups were investigated: Group A (exposure to different intensity of blue light); group B (exposure to identical intensity for different duration); group C (exposure to identical intensity and duration, different prolongation of post-exposure culture). Cyt C activity was assayed by ELISA. Caspase-3 was detected by colorimetric assay. In these aspects, two groups were investigated: Group I [(2000+/-500) 1x for 6 h]; Group II [(2000+/-500) 1x for 12 h].
RESULTS: When human RPE cells were exposed to blue light, the more pronounced decrease of delta psi(m) was consistent with the increase of light intensity in group A. Pronounced decrease of delta psi(m) was seen at 6 h and 12 h of exposure duration in group B. At 6 h prolongation of post-exposure culture in group C, the decrease of delta psi(m) was observed, lasting 48 h. The concentration of Cyt C was detected; no significant changes were found at 6 h and 12 h prolongation of post-exposure culture, but a significant increase was found at 24 h and 36 h post-exposure in the two groups. The increase was more significant in Group II than in Group I at 24 h post-exposure. The activity change of caspase-3 was not found in the two groups.
CONCLUSION: Blue light exposure over threshold can induce damage to human RPE cells, probably by triggering the mitochondrial permeability transition, which results in the decrease of delta psi(m) and the release of cytochrome C.