Effect of integrated Yoga and Ayurveda Rasayana on cognitive functions in elderly with mild cognitive impairment.
J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2020 Dec 18. Epub 2020 Dec 18. PMID: 33349568
BACKGROUND: Yoga and Ayurveda are the ancient sciences emphasis on the prevention and cure of disease, and the proportion of health. Both Ayurveda and Yoga are known to reduce the aging process and are found to be useful in the disorders related to aging.
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the effects of Yoga and Ayurveda Rasayana combined intervention on cognition among the elderly with mild cognitive impairment.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two elderly persons (average age 63.3 ± 6.44 years) received either Ayurveda Rasayana (AR) (n = 23) or Integrated Yoga (IY) (n = 25) or combined (IY plus AR) intervention (n = 24) for eight weeks. AR treatment consisted of brahmi ghrit, and IY consisted of asana, pranayama, meditation, and relaxation techniques. Executive function, verbal fluency, attention, short term, and working memory and learning and verbal memory were assessed at the baseline and after eight weeks.
RESULTS: Within-groups analysis showed significant time main effect (p < 0.05) in all cognitive measures in the three groups (IY, AR, and IY plus AR) except digit backward test. Bonferroni post hoc test shows a significant difference in pre to post in all variables. In the between-group analysis, there was substantial group difference for Rey's Auditory Verbal LearningTest-hits, F (2, 69) = 4.376 (P < 0.016), Rey's Auditory Verbal Learning Test-Average, F (2, 69) = 4.727 (0.012), Digit backward test, F (2, 69) = 5.766 (0.005) after eight weeks of intervention.
CONCLUSION: Both Ayurveda Rasayana and Integrated Yoga intervention found to be effective in improving cognitive abilities among the elderly with MCI. Combined Ayurveda Rasayana and Yoga intervention produced significantly better improvement in learning, attention, and working memory compared to individual response among elderly persons with MCI.