Effect of Sub-Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations of Tyrosol and EDTA on Quorum Sensing and Virulence of.
Infect Drug Resist. 2020 ;13:3501-3511. Epub 2020 Oct 8. PMID: 33116669
Shaymaa H Abdel-Rhman
Introduction: is considered a dangerous pathogen, as it causes many human diseases, besides that it is resistant to almost all types of antibacterial agents. So, new strategies to overcomeinfection have evolved to attenuate its virulence factors and inhibit its quorum-sensing (QS) activity.
Purpose: This study investigated the effect of tyrosol and EDTA as anti-quorum-sensing and antivirulence agents againstPAO1.
Methods: Anti-quorum activity of sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (sub-MICs) of tyrosol and EDTA was tested using(CV 12,472) biosensor bioassay. Miller assay was used to assess the inhibition of QS signal molecules byβ-galactosidase activity determination. Also, their effects on the production of protease, lipase, lecithinase, and motility were tested. The inhibitory effects of these molecules on QS regulatory genes and exotoxins genes expression were evaluated by real-time PCR.
Results: Tyrosol and EDTA at sub-MICs inhibited the production of violacein pigment. Both compounds inhibited QS molecules production and their associated virulence factors (protease, lipase, lecithinase, and motility) (P≤ 0.05). Besides, the expression levels of QS regulatory genes (and) and exotoxins genes () were significantly reduced (P≤ 0.05).
Conclusion: Both tyrosol and EDTA can be used to fightinfection as anti-quorum-sensing and antivirulence agents at their sub-MICs.