[The bisphenol A-enhanced activity of thyroid carcinoma cell line B-CPAP is inhibited by Icarrin].
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2017 Jun 7 ;52(6):458-462. PMID: 28635220
C M Zheng
Objective: To investigate the effect of icariin (ICA) on the bisphenol A (BPA)-enhanced proliferation function of thyroid carcinoma cell B-CPAP and underlying mechanism. Methods: The proliferation of Gastric B-CPAP cell line was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). Apoptosis and ROS expression in B-CPAP cells were detected by flow cytometry. The expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in B-CPAP cells were measured by individual assay kits. The expressions of Bcl-2 andγ-HA2X were detected by Western blot. SPSS 18.0 software was used to analyze the data. Results: B-CPAP cell activity was promoted by treatment with 3×10(-7)mol/L BPA for 48 h, with significant difference in absorbance between BPA and control groups (1.089±0.053 vs 0.935±0.010, P<0.05). The cell activities of BPA+ ICA(25), BPA+ ICA(50), BPA+ ICA(100) and BPA+ ICA(200) groups was 0.780±0.036, 1.007±0.050, 0.958±0.033 and 0.625±0.064, respectively (all P<0.01). The proliferation of B-CPAP cells treated with BPA for 72 hours showed a similar trend to 48 hours. There was no significant difference between all treatment groups in 24 hours. The apoptosis rate was (19.272±0.186)% in BPA-treated cells, and was (22.412±0.238)% in control cells (P<0.05). The apoptosis rates of BPA+ ICA(50) and BPA+ ICA(200) groups were (23.688±0.412)% and (30.270±0.696)%, respectively (P<0.01). The intracellular accumulation of ROS in BPA, BPA+ ICA(50), and BPA+ ICA(200) groups were 806±21, 1 772±37, 2 041±16, respectively (P<0.01). The expressions of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 in control, BPA, BPA+ ICA(50), BPA+ ICA(200) groups were 7 120±151, 9 801±286, 5 902±171 and 4 203±216, respectively (P<0.01). Conclusion: BPA can promote the proliferation of thyroid carcinoma B-CPAP cells and decrease the apoptosis of cells, and this effect can be inhibited by ICA. The possible mechanism is to induce high expression of intracellular ROS and inhibit the expression of antioxidase system, leading to cell oxidative damage, thereby inducing apoptosis.