Brazilian red propolis reduces orange-complex periodontopathogens growing in multispecies biofilms.
Biofouling. 2019 03 ;35(3):308-319. Epub 2019 Apr 24. PMID: 31014106
Stela Lima Farias Miranda
This study investigated the antimicrobial effects of the ethanolic extract of Brazilian red propolis (BRP) on multispecies biofilms. A seven-day-old subgingival biofilm with 32 species was grown in a Calgary device. Biofilms were treated with BRP (1,600, 800, 400 and 200 μg ml) twice a day for 1 min, starting from day 3. Chlorhexidine (0.12%) and dilution-vehicle were used as positive and negative controls, respectively. On day 7, metabolic activity and the microbial composition of the biofilms by DNA-DNA hybridization were determined. The viability data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's, whereas the microbial composition data were transformedBOX-COX and analyzed using Dunnett's. BRP (1,600 μg ml) decreased biofilm metabolic activity by 45%, with no significant difference from chlorhexidine-treated samples. BRP (1,600 μg ml) and chlorhexidine significantly reduced levels of 14 bacterial species compared to the vehicle control. Taken together, BRP showed promising antimicrobial properties which may be useful in periodontal disease control.