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Abstract Title:

DNA cleavage by metabolites of butylated hydroxytoluene.

Abstract Source:

Arch Toxicol. 1993;67(8):552-7. PMID: 8285854

Abstract Author(s):

F Nagai, K Ushiyama, I Kano

Article Affiliation:

Department of Toxicology, Tokyo Metropolitan Research Laboratory of Public Health, Japan.

Abstract:

The effect of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and its metabolites on DNA cleavage in vitro was studied with supercoiled plasmid DNA, pUC18, by agarose gel electrophoresis. Among several BHT metabolites, 2,6-di-t-butyl-p-benzoquinone (BHT-quinone) caused cleavage of supercoiled DNA (form I) at a concentration as low as 1 x 10(-6) M. The relative amount of linear form (form III) was increased with increasing concentration of BHT-quinone. 2,6-Di-t-butyl-4-hydroperoxy-4-methyl-2,5-cyclohexadienone (BHT-peroxyquinol) and 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (BHT-CHO) also cleaved DNA, but to a lesser extent than BHT-quinone. No DNA cleavage was detected by BHT, 2,6-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxymethyl phenol (BHT-OH), 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid (BHT-COOH), 2,6-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2,5-cyclohexadienone (BHT-quinol) or 2,6-di-t-butyl-4-methylene-2,5-cyclohexadienone (BHT-quinone methide). The DNA cleavage by BHT-quinone was inhibited by oxygen radical scavengers including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, polyethylene glycol, t-butyl alcohol, dimethyl sulfoxide, sodium azide, sodium benzoate, bovine serum albumin and methionine, while it was enhanced by the addition of FeCl2. The production of superoxide radical in a solution of BHT-quinone was confirmed by cytochrome c reduction assay. Superoxide was not produced by BHT or other BHT metabolites except for BHT-quinone. These results suggest that BHT-quinone, one of the principal metabolites of BHT, cleaves DNA strands via its generation of oxygen radicals.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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