Antiplatelets and profibrinolytic activity of Citrullus colocynthis in control and high-fat diet-induced obese rats: mechanisms of action.
Arch Physiol Biochem. 2017 Aug 31:1-11. Epub 2017 Aug 31. PMID: 28857634
Naif M Alhawiti
The current study aimed to investigate the effect of Citrullus colocynthis (C. colocynthis) hydro-alcoholic extract on blood haemostasis in control and high-fat diet (HFD) induced obese rats. In control rats, the extract significantly enhanced bleeding time and plasma levels of tPA and significantly decreased plasma levels PAI-1 and serum levels of thromboxane B2 leading to inhibition of platelets aggregation. In HFD induced obese rats, similar effects were seen and the extract was also able to reverse HFD induced increases in fibrinogen and VWF. Searching for the mechanism, C. colocynthis acts by (1) inhibiting of food intake, (2) inhibiting the activity of pancreatic lipase, (3) decreasing levels of TNF-α and IL-6 and (4) decreasing circulatory levels of the prothrombotic adipokine, leptin and enhanced circulatory levels of the antithrombic adipokines and adiopnectin. In conclusion, C. colocynthis has antiplatelets and profibrinolytic activity in both control and HFD induced obese rats.