Cafestol may be a novel agent for bone diseases. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Cafestol has a weaker inhibitory effect on osteoclastogenesis than kahweol and promotes osteoblast differentiation.
Biofactors. 2015 Jul-Aug;41(4):222-31. Epub 2015 Jul 7. PMID: 26154488
Bone homeostasis is regulated by a balance between osteoclast (OCL)-mediated bone resorption and osteoblast (OBL)-mediated bone formation. Thus, developing a compound that simultaneously inhibits OCL function and promotes OBL function would be useful as a new medical therapy for bone diseases. Here, we examined the effects of cafestol, a coffee diterpene, on the differentiation of OCLs and OBLs. Cafestol prevented OCL formation in a dose-dependent manner and suppressed the bone-resorbing activity of OCLs. Interestingly, the viability of OCLs treated with 10-50µM cafestol was significantly higher than that of untreated cells. At the molecular level, cafestol markedly decreased RANKL-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) and inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B alpha (IκBα). Compared to kahweol, another coffee-specific diterpene, the inhibitory effects of cafestol were milder on OCL differentiation, and cafestol and kahweol showed different characteristics in induction of the phase ΙΙ antioxidant enzymes and sensitivities in nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-deficient BMMs. In addition to inhibiting OCLs, cafestol enhanced the differentiation of osteoblastic cells by increasing the mRNA levels of differentiation markers. Thus, cafestol inhibits OCL differentiation and promotes OBL differentiation, suggesting that cafestol may be a novel agent for bone diseases.