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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Caffeic Acid Phenethyl Ester Inhibits UV-Induced MMP-1 Expression by Targeting Histone Acetyltransferases in Human Skin.

Abstract Source:

Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Jun 22 ;20(12). Epub 2019 Jun 22. PMID: 31234539

Abstract Author(s):

Eun Ju Shin, Seongin Jo, Hyo-Kyoung Choi, Sungbin Choi, Sanguine Byun, Tae-Gyu Lim

Article Affiliation:

Eun Ju Shin

Abstract:

Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), a naturally occurring bioactive compound, displays anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, and anti-microbial effects. However, the effect of CAPE on skin photoaging is unknown. Herein, we investigated the inhibitory effect of CAPE against ultraviolet (UV) irradiation-mediated matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 expression and its underlying molecular mechanism. CAPE treatment suppressed UV-induced MMP-1 levels in both human dermal fibroblasts (HDF) and human skin tissues. While CAPE did not display any significant effects against the upstream regulatory pathways of MMP-1, CAPE was capable of reversing UV-mediated epigenetic modifications. CAPE suppressed UV-induced acetyl-histone H3 (Lys9) as well as total lysine acetylation in HDF cells. Similarly, CAPE also attenuated UV-induced lysine acetylations in human skin tissues, suggesting that the CAPE-mediated epigenetic alterations can be recapitulated in ex vivo conditions. CAPE was found to attenuate UV-induced histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity in HDF. Notably, CAPE was able to directly inhibit the activity of several HATs including p300, CREP-binding protein (CBP), and p300/CBP-associated factor (PCAF), further confirming that CAPE can function as an epigenetic modulator. Thus, our study suggests that CAPE maybe a promising agent for the prevention of skin photoaging via targeting HATs.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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