n/a
Abstract Title:

Cannabidiol normalizes resting-state functional connectivity in treatment-resistant epilepsy.

Abstract Source:

Epilepsy Behav. 2020 Jul 30 ;112:107297. Epub 2020 Jul 30. PMID: 32745959

Abstract Author(s):

Rodolphe Nenert, Jane B Allendorfer, E Martina Bebin, Tyler E Gaston, Leslie E Grayson, James T Houston, Jerzy P Szaflarski

Article Affiliation:

Rodolphe Nenert

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: Resting-state (rs) network dysfunction is a contributing factor to treatment resistance in epilepsy. In treatment-resistant epilepsy (TRE), pharmacological and nonpharmacological therapies have been shown to improve such dysfunction. In this study, our goal was to prospectively evaluate the effect of highly purified plant-derived cannabidiol (CBD; Epidiolex®) on rs functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) functional connectivity (rs-FC). We hypothesized that CBD would change and potentially normalize the rs-FC in TRE.

METHODS: Twenty-two of 27 participants with TRE completed all study procedures including longitudinal pre-/on-CBD rs-fMRI (8M/14F, mean age = 36.2 ± 15.9 years, TRE duration = 18.3 ± 12.6 years); there were no differences in age (p = 0.99) or sex (p = 0.15) between groups. Assessments collected included seizure frequency (SF), Chalfont Seizure Severity Scale (CSSS), Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), Adverse Events Profile (AEP), and Profile of Mood States (POMS). Twenty-three healthy controls (HCs) received rs-fMRI and POMS once.

RESULTS: Participants with TRE showed average decrease of 71.7% in SF (p < 0.0001) and improved CSSS, AEP, and POMS confusion, depression, and fatigue subscores (all p < 0.05) on-CBD with POMS scores becoming similar to those of HCs. Paired t-tests showed significant pre-/on-CBD changes in rs-FC in cerebellum, frontal areas, temporal areas, hippocampus, and amygdala with some of them correlating with improvement in behavioral measures. Significant differences inrs-FC between pre-CBD and HCs were found in cerebellum, frontal, and occipital regions. After controlling for changes in SF with CBD, these differences were no longer present when comparing on-CBD to HCs.

SIGNIFICANCE: This study indicates that highly purified CBD modulates and potentially normalizes rs-FC in the epileptic brain. This effect may underlie its efficacy. This study provides Class III evidence for CBD's normalizing effect on rs-FC in TRE.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.