Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

High-intensity cannabis use associated with lower plasma human immunodeficiency virus-1 RNA viral load among recently infected people who use injection drugs.

Abstract Source:

Drug Alcohol Rev. 2015 Mar ;34(2):135-40. Epub 2014 Nov 11. PMID: 25389027

Abstract Author(s):

M-J Milloy, Brandon Marshall, Thomas Kerr, Lindsey Richardson, Robert Hogg, Silvia Guillemi, Julio S G Montaner, Evan Wood

Article Affiliation:

M-J Milloy

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Cannabis use is common among people who are living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). While there is growing pre-clinical evidence of the immunomodulatory and anti-viral effects of cannabinoids, their possible effects on HIV disease parameters in humans are largely unknown. Thus, we sought to investigate the possible effects of cannabis use on plasma HIV-1 RNA viral loads (pVLs) among recently seroconverted illicit drug users.

DESIGN AND METHODS: We used data from two linked longitudinal observational cohorts of people who use injection drugs. Using multivariable linear mixed-effects modelling, we analysed the relationship between pVL and high-intensity cannabis use among participants who seroconverted following recruitment.

RESULTS: Between May 1996 and March 2012, 88 individuals seroconverted after recruitment and were included in these analyses. Median pVL in the first 365 days among all seroconverters was 4.66 log10 c mL(-1) . In a multivariable model, at least daily cannabis use was associated with 0.51 log10 c mL(-1) lower pVL (β = -0.51, standard error = 0.170, P value = 0.003).

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with the findings from recent in vitro and in vivo studies, including one conducted among lentiviral-infected primates, we observed a strong association between cannabis use and lower pVL following seroconversion among illicit drug-using participants. Our findings support the further investigation of the immunomodulatory or antiviral effects of cannabinoids among individuals living with HIV/AIDS.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.