Cardio protective role of wogonin loaded nanoparticle against isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction by moderating oxidative stress and inflammation.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2019 Nov 10:110635. Epub 2019 Nov 10. PMID: 31744760
Wogonin, one of the main active ingredients of Scutellaria radix, is a kind of flavonoid compound. In the present study, we report that wogonin nanoparticles (Wog np) protect Isoproterenol (ISO) induced Myocardial Infarction (MI) rats. Nanoparticles of sizes less than 200 nm with spherical shape were prepared using Polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) and Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) respectively as polymer and stabilizer. Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups. Group 1 as a control group administered with physiological saline solution with 0.5 % carboxymethylcellulose (1 mL/day). Group 2 served as toxic group; rats received physiological saline solution with 0.5 % carboxymethylcellulose (1 mL/day) orally for 21 days Groups 3 and 4 received Wog np (25 and 50 mg/kg/day) orally for 21 days and on the 20th and 21 st days group 2, 3, and 4 were administered with ISO (85 mg/kg) through s.c. route at 24 h interval. pre-treatment with Wog np (25 and 50 mg/kg) could significantly reduce the cardiac infarct size, serum cardiac markers, lipid peroxidation product (MDA) and inflammatory markers as well as markedly upregulated the protein expression ofnuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2)and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) to confer its strong cardioprotective activity against ISO induced myocardial damage.