Carnosic acid enhances the cytotoxicity of β-lapachone in melanoma cell lines. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Carnosic acid, an inducer of NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1, enhances the cytotoxicity ofβ-lapachone in melanoma cell lines.
Oncol Lett. 2018 Feb ;15(2):2393-2400. Epub 2017 Dec 14. PMID: 29434949
NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1)-dependent antitumor drugs such asβ-lapachone (β-lap) are attractive candidates for cancer chemotherapy because several tumors exhibit higher expression of NQO1 than adjacent tissues. Although the association between NQO1 and β-lap has been elucidated, the effects of a NQO1-inducer and β-lap used in combination remain to be clarified. It has previously been reported that melanoma cell lines have detectable levels of NQO1 expression and are sensitive to NQO1-dependent drugs such as 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin. The present study was conducted to investigate the involvement of NQO1 in β-lap-mediated toxicity and the utility of combination treatment with a NQO1-inducer and β-lap in malignant melanoma cell lines. Decreased expression or inhibition of NQO1 caused these cell lines to become less sensitive to β-lap, indicating a requirement of NQO1 activity for β-lap-mediated toxicity. Of note was that carnosic acid (CA), a compound extracted from rosemary, was able to induce further expression of NQO1 through NF-E2 related factor 2 (NRF2) stabilization, thus significantly enhancing the cytotoxicity of β-lap in all of the melanoma cell lines tested. Taken together, the data presented in the current study indicated that the NRF2-NQO1 axis may have potential value as a therapeutic target in malignant melanoma to improve the rate of clinical response to NQO1-dependent antitumor drugs.