Carnosic acid has the potential to inhibit cancer cell growth in A-549 lung cancer cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antiproliferative Activity of Carnosic Acid is Mediated via Inhibition of Cell Migration and Invasion, and Suppression of Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases (PI3K)/AKT/Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) Signaling Pathway.
Med Sci Monit. 2019 Oct 21 ;25:7864-7871. Epub 2019 Oct 21. PMID: 31631173
BACKGROUND Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortalities worldwide and majority of these deaths result from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The primary objective of this research was to determine the anticancer potential of carnosic acid, a plant derived abietane diterpene, against human lung cancer cells, as well as to determine its effects on cell migration and invasion, apoptosis, and the PI3K/AKT/m-TOR signaling pathway. MATERIAL AND METHODS Cell viability was evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay; fluorescence microscopy using acridine orange/ethidium bromide stain and Comet assay were used to study cellular apoptosis. In vitro wound healing assay was used to study effects on cell migration; Transwell assay was used to study cell invasion after drug treatment. Western blot assay was used to study effects of carnosic acid on the PI3K/AKT/m-TOR signaling pathway. RESULTS It was shown that carnosic acid could inhibit the growth of A-549 human non-small cell lung carcinoma cells dose-dependently showing an IC₅₀ value of 12.5 μM. This growth inhibition of A-549 cells was mediated via apoptotic cell death as observed by fluorescence microscopy showing nuclear fragmentation and chromatin condensation. Carnosic acid, dose-dependently, also inhibited cell migration and invasion. Finally, western blot assay revealed that carnosic acid also led to inhibition of the PI3K/AKT/m-TOR signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS In conclusion, our results showed that Carnosic acid has the potential to inhibit cancer cell growth in A-549 lung cancer cells by activating apoptotic death, inhibiting cell migration and invasion and suppressing PI3K/AKT/m-TOR signaling pathway.