Abstract Title:

Inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes by compounds from Daucus carota L. Seeds.

Abstract Source:

Carcinogenesis. 2007 Jun;28(6):1188-96. Epub 2006 Dec 6. PMID: 13680840

Abstract Author(s):

Rafikali A Momin, David L De Witt, Muraleedharan G Nair

Abstract:

Cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes inhibitory assay directed investigation of Daucus carota seed extracts resulted in the isolation and characterization of compounds, 2,4,5-trimethoxybenzaldehyde (1), oleic acid (2), trans-asarone (3) and geraniol (4). Compounds 1-4 showed 3.32, 45.32, 46.15, and 3.15% of prostaglandin H endoperoxide synthase-I (COX-I) inhibitory activity and 52.69, 68.41, 64.39 and 0% prostaglandin H endoperoxide synthase-II (COX-II) inhibitory activity, respectively at 100 mg mL(-1). Compound 1 showed selectivity towards COX-II enzyme inhibition at 100 microg mL(-1). The COX-II/COX-I ratio for compound 1 was 17.68 at 100 microg mL(-1) compared to solvent control. Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Aspirin, Celebrex and Vioxx at concentrations of 2.06, 2.52, 180, 1.67 and 1.67 microg mL(-1), respectively, gave COX-II/COX-I ratios of 1.13, 0.92, 0.24, 16 and 75, respectively. The inhibition of COX-II enzymes by compounds 1 at 100 microg mL(-1) was significant when compared to Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Naproxen and Celebrex at concentrations studied. Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Study Type : Animal Study

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