n/a
Abstract Title:

Carvacrol ameliorates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis through modulating pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines.

Abstract Source:

Life Sci. 2019 Feb 15 ;219:257-263. Epub 2018 Nov 23. PMID: 30472298

Abstract Author(s):

Merat Mahmoodi, Houshang Amiri, Fatemeh Ayoobi, Mehdi Rahmani, Zahra Taghipour, Razieh Taghizadeh Ghavamabadi, Abdollah Jafarzadeh, Mojtaba Sankian

Article Affiliation:

Merat Mahmoodi

Abstract:

AIM: The inflammatory process is a key step in multiple sclerosis (MS) development. Carvacrol exhibits various anti-inflammatory properties. We aimed to assess the Carvacrol effects on clinical manifestations and production of pro-inflammatory (IFN-γ, IL-6 and IL-17) and anti-inflammatory (TGF-β, IL-4, and IL-10) cytokines in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) as MS animal model.

MAIN METHODS: EAE mice were treated with 5, 10 mg/kg dose of Carvacrol or vehicle, as the control EAE group, every other day until day-21 post EAE induction. On day22, the leukocyte infiltration within the CNS was estimated using hematoxylin-eosin staining. The cytokine production by splenocytes was determined after in vitro stimulating withmyelin oligodendrocyte protein (MOG).

KEY FINDINGS: The EAE clinical scores in 5 and 10 mg/kg Carvacrol-treated mice were lower than untreated group (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01, respectively). The amounts of IFN-γ and IL-6 production by splenocytes of 5 and 10 mg/kg Carvacrol-administered mice were lower than control group (P < 0.001, and P < 0.01 for IFN-γ respectively; P ˂ 0.05 for IL-6). Splenocytes of 5 and 10 mg/kg Carvacrol-treated mice produced higher levels of TGF-β than untreated mice (P < 0.001). in splenocytes of 5 mg/kg Carvacrol-treated group the IL-10 production was higher while IL-17 secretion was lower than control group (both with P < 0.01).

SIGNIFICANCE: Carvacrol exhibits modulatory effects on expression of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. It ameliorates EAE clinical and pathological consequences and therefore its potentials may be considered in treating MS patients.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.