n/a
Abstract Title:

Celastrol Ameliorates Inflammation in Human Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells by Suppressing NF-κB Signaling.

Abstract Source:

J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2019 Mar ;35(2):116-123. Epub 2018 Dec 31. PMID: 30596540

Abstract Author(s):

Jingyue Zhang, Kewen Zhou, Xinyu Zhang, Yeqi Zhou, Zhen Li, Fu Shang

Article Affiliation:

Jingyue Zhang

Abstract:

PURPOSE: Celastrol is a triterpenoid quinine methide that exerts important biological effects on a variety of disease models. In this study, we aim to assess the ability of celastrol to inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells.

METHODS: Primary cultures of human RPE (HRPE) cells and ARPE-19 cell lines were treated with celastrol alone or in combination with LPS. The cytotoxic effect of celastrol on RPE cells was determined by the CCK-8 assay. Protein and mRNA levels of inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1, were detected by flow cytometry or by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR, respectively. The levels of phosphorylated intermediates in the NF-κB signaling pathway (such as IκBα/β and p65) and MAPK signaling pathway (p38MAPK, SAPK/JNK, and p42/p44MAPK) were detected by western blotting.

RESULTS: Celastrol significantly inhibited LPS-induced expression of protein and mRNA expression levels encoding the proinflammatory cytokines, IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1, in both HRPE and ARPE-19 cells. Cell viability and apoptosis assays revealed that celastrol had no apparent cytotoxic effect and it inhibited apoptosis of RPE cells at concentrations of less than 1 μM. Mechanistically, RPE cells that were pretreated with celastrol exhibited a substantial decrease in phosphorylation of the NF-κB pathway regulators, IKKα/β and IκBα, and subsequently inactivated P65, suggesting that celastrol ameliorates LPS-induced inflammation by suppressing the NF-κBsignaling pathway.

CONCLUSION: Our results provide evidence that celastrol is a potent anti-inflammatory agent in RPE cells and it may have potential applications in prevention and treatment of age-related macular degeneration.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.