Abstract Title:

Carotenoid and vitamin content of Karat and other Micronesian banana cultivars.

Abstract Source:

Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2006 Aug-Sep;57(5-6):399-418. PMID: 17135031

Abstract Author(s):

Lois Englberger, Joseph Schierle, William Aalbersberg, Peter Hofmann, Julia Humphries, Alvin Huang, Adelino Lorens, Amy Levendusky, Jeff Daniells, Geoffrey C Marks, Maureen H Fitzgerald

Article Affiliation:

Division of International Health, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. nutrition@mail.fm

Abstract:

We previously found high carotenoid levels in Karat and other Micronesian bananas, indicating potential importance for alleviating vitamin A deficiency and other nutritionally related health problems in the Federated States of Micronesia. Past work focused on carotenoid and mineral analyses, whereas here we investigated 16 cultivars (most not previously analysed) for a broader micronutrient profile, including seven vitamins. Karat carotenoid levels were higher than in previous analyses, confirming Karat as exceptionally carotenoid-rich. We identified an additional 10 carotenoid-rich cultivars, expanding the range having potential for alleviating vitamin A deficiency. A striking finding is the high riboflavin level in Karat, including high levels of uncharacterized flavonoids. Niacin and alpha-tocopherol are at levels that may contribute importantly to dietary intake within normal patterns of consumption. These data present a more complete basis for promoting the nutritional benefits of these banana cultivars where they are consumed in the Pacific, and potential benefits for promoting elsewhere.

Study Type : Review
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