Characterization of selenized polysaccharides from Ribes nigrum L. and its inhibitory effects onα-amylase and α-glucosidase.
Carbohydr Polym. 2021 May 1 ;259:117729. Epub 2021 Feb 3. PMID: 33673993
The polysaccharide from Ribes nigrum L. (RCP) was modified by nitric acid-sodium selenite method. After purification by Sepharose-6B, high purity native (PRCP) and three selenized polysaccharides (PRSPs) with different selenium contents were obtained. Compared with PRCP, PRSPs possessed the lower molecular weight, better water-solubility, physical stability and rheological properties. FT-IR and NMR spectra confirmed PRSPs had the characteristic absorption peaks of polysaccharides and the glycosidic bond types were not changed after selenylation modification, whereas the selenyl groups existing in PRSPs were mainly introduced at the C-6 position of sugar residue→4)-β-d-Manp-(1→. Moreover, PRSPs displayed obviously smoother and smaller flaky structure than PRCP, and their inhibitory effects on α-amylase and α-glucosidase also were greater than PRCP. PRSPs exhibited a reversible inhibition on two enzymes in competitive manner and quenched their fluorescence through the static quenching mechanism. The polysaccharide-enzyme complex was spontaneously formed mainly driven by the hydrophobic interaction and hydrogen bonding.