Abstract Title:

Chewing gum can produce context-dependent effects upon memory.

Abstract Source:

Carcinogenesis. 1998 Aug;19(8):1357-60. PMID: 15458807

Abstract Author(s):

Jess R Baker, Jessica B Bezance, Ella Zellaby, John P Aggleton

Abstract:

Two experiments examined whether chewing spearmint gum can affect the initial learning or subsequent recall of a word list. Comparing those participants in Experiment 1 who chewed gum at the learning or the recall phases showed that chewing gum at initial learning was associated with superior recall. In addition, chewing gum led to context-dependent effects as a switch between gum and no gum (or no gum and gum) between learning and recall led to poorer performance. Experiment 2 provided evidence that sucking gum was sufficient to induce some of the same effects as chewing.

Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Gum Chewing : CK(70) : AC(7)

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