Effects of Chlorella vulgaris on bone marrow progenitor cells of mice infected with Listeria monocytogenes.
Int J Immunopharmacol. 1999 Aug;21(8):499-508. PMID: 10458539
In this study we investigated the effects of the treatment with Chlorella vulgaris extract (CVE) on the hematopoietic response of granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming unit (CFU-GM) of mice infected with a sublethal dose of Listeria monocytogenes (1 x 10(4) organisms/animal). CVE was given orally as 50 mg/kg/day for 5 days. In the CVE treated/infected groups L. monocytogenes was administered at the end of CVE treatment. The colony stimulating activity of the serum (CSA) was also studied in all groups. Although no effects on CFU-GM, as compared to controls, were observed in the groups receiving CVE alone, the extract produced an increase in CSA levels as compared to controls. On the other hand, the presence of the infection led to a significant reduction in the numbers of CFU-GM as observed at 48 and 72 h after the infection, in spite of the significant increase in serum CSA activity. CVE treatment of infected animals restored the numbers of CFU-GM to control levels. In the treated/ infected group the increased serum CSA was significantly higher than that observed in the only infected group. The CVE treatment (50 and 500 mg/kg) of mice infected with a dose of 3 x 10(5) bacteria/animal, which was lethal for all the non-treated controls, produced a dose-response protection which led to a 20 and 52% survival, respectively. These results demonstrated that CVE produces a significant increase in the resistance of the animals infected with L. monocytogenes, and that this protection is due, at least in part, to increased CFU-GM in the bone marrow of infected animals.