Protective effect of Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice in a model of cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity in vitro.
Folia Med (Plovdiv). 2013 Jul-Dec;55(3-4):76-9. PMID: 24712286
Stefka V Valcheva-Kuzmanova
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective potential of Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice in a model of cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity in the human embryonal kidney cell line HEK293T.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cellular viability was assessed using the MTT-dye reduction assay based on the reduction of the yellow tetrazolium dye MTT to a violet formazan product via the mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase in viable cells. Cisplatin was applied in various concentrations either alone or after a 24-hour pretreatment of the cells with Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice at 0.1 and 0.05 mg/ml. The half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50 values) were derived from the concentration-response curves to cisplatin.
RESULTS: Applied alone, the anticancer drug caused a prominent decrease of cellular viability with IC50 8.3 +/- 1.1 microM. The juice proved to significantly ameliorate the in vitro cytotoxicity of the platinum drug, in a concentration-dependent manner. The pretreatment of the cells with Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice resulted in a significant increase (p<0.001) of IC50 for cisplatin to 25.1 +/- 2.7 microM (at 0.05 mg/ml) and 34.4 +/- 3.4 microM (at 0.1 mg/ml), respectively.
CONCLUSION: The protective effect of Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice observed in this study is most probably due to its well appreciated antioxidant activity as oxidative stress plays a central role in the toxic effects of cisplatin.