Chronic administration of naphthalene induces oxidative stress and DNA damage in rats. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Induction of oxidative stress and DNA damage by chronic administration of naphthalene to rats.
Res Commun Mol Pathol Pharmacol. 1998 Sep;101(3):249-57. PMID: 9874283
Department of Pharmaceutical and Administrative Sciences, Creighton University Health Sciences Center, Omaha, NE 68178, USA.
Naphthalene is a bicyclic aromatic compound that is widely used in various domestic and commercial applications including lavatory scent disks, soil fumigants and moth balls. Little information is available regarding the mechanism of naphthalene toxicity. We have assessed the oral, low dose (0.05 LD50) chronic effects of naphthalene (110 mg/kg/day p.o. in corn oil) for 120 consecutive days on lipid peroxidation and DNA fragmentation in the liver and brain tissues of female Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were sacrificed on 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 105 and 120 days of treatment. Maximum increases in hepatic and brain lipid peroxidation and DNA fragmentation were observed between 90 and 105 days of treatment. Following administration of naphthalene for 90 days, approximately 1.4- and 1.3-fold increases in lipid peroxidation were observed in the hepatic and brain tissues, respectively, while under the same conditions and time points 1.9- and 2.5-fold increases in hepatic and brain DNA fragmentation were observed, respectively. These results demonstrate that low dose chronic administration of naphthalene induces an oxidative stress resulting in tissue damaging effects that may contribute to the toxicity and carcinogenicity of naphthalene.