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Abstract Title:

[Effects of chrysin on sphere formation and CK2α expression of ovarian cancer stem-like cells derived from SKOV3 cell line].

Abstract Source:

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2016 Jul 5 ;96(25):2013-6. PMID: 27470961

Abstract Author(s):

H Z Li, Y H Chen, Y L Fang, L Y Zhong, Q Q Yuan, X Y Xu, J G Cao

Article Affiliation:

H Z Li

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether inhibitory effect of chrysin on sphere formation of ovarian cancer stem-like cells(spheroids derived from human ovarian cancer SKOV3 cell line ) is involved in the down-regulating of the protein expression of casein kinase CK2α.

METHODS: SKOV3-derived ovarian cancer stem-like cells obtained by suspension culture in stem cell-condition medium using ultra-low adhesion plate were treated with various concentrations (5.0, 10.0 and 20.0μmol/L) of chrysin. Sphere formation assay was used to determine the sphere forming rate of SKOV3-derived ovarian cancer stem-like cells. Western blot was used to analyze the protein expressions of CK2α and cancer stem cell markers CD133 and CD44. Silence of CK2α by siRNA and ectopic expression of CK2α by transfection with pcDNA3.1-CK2α plasmid were used to explore the mechanism underlying the effect of chrysin on sphere formation of SKOV3-derived ovarian cancer stem-like cells.

RESULTS: Chrysin (5.0, 10.0 and 20.0μmol/L) significantly reduced the sphere forming rate of SKOV3-derived ovarian cancer stem-like cells, in a concentration-dependent manner (22.3%±2.5% vs 14.7%±2.1%, 8.6%± 1.7% and 3.8% ± 1.1% respectively; P<0.05). In addition, chrysin (5.0, 10.0 and 20.0μmol/L) obviously down-regulated the protein expressions of CK2α, CD133 and CD44 in SKOV3-derived ovarian cancer stem-like cells. In combination with CK2α siRNA transfection and chrysin synergistically decreased sphere formation (P<0.05) and the protein expressions of CK2α, CD133 and CD44 in SKOV3-derived ovarian cancer stem-like cells. However, transfection with pcDNA3.1-CK2α plasmid attenuated inhibitory effects of chrysin on sphere formation capability and the expressions of CK2α, CD133 and CD44 of SKOV3-derived ovarian cancer stem-like cells.

CONCLUSION: Down-regulation of CK2α protein expression is involved in the inhibition effect of chrysin on the sphere formation capability of SKOV3-derived ovarian cancer stem-like cells.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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