Chrysin may serve as a promising therapeutic candidate for inflammatory vascular diseases. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Chrysin Suppresses Vascular Endothelial Inflammation via Inhibiting the NF-κB Signaling Pathway.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther. 2019 05 ;24(3):278-287. Epub 2018 Nov 29. PMID: 30497287
The vascular endothelium is a continuous layer of flat polygonal cells that are in direct contact with the blood and participate in responses to inflammation. Chrysin is a flavonoid compound extracted from plants of the genus Asteraceae with a wide range of pharmacological activities and physiological activities. Here, we studied the effects of chrysin on the regulation of the proadhesion and pro-inflammatory phenotypes of the endothelium both in vitro and in vivo. Our results revealed that chrysin strongly inhibited Tohoku Hospital Pediatrics-1 (THP-1) cell adhesion to primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells and concentration-dependently attenuated interleukin 1β-induced increases in intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), and E-selectin messenger RNA levels and ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 protein levels. Previous studies reported that nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) is important in the inflammatory response in endothelial cells, particularly in regulating adhesion molecules, and our data shed light on the mechanisms whereby chrysin suppressed endothelial inflammation via the NF-κB signaling pathway. In addition, our in vivo findings demonstrated the effects of chrysin in the permeability and inflammatory responsesof the endothelium to inflammatory injury. Taken together, we conclude that chrysin inhibits endothelial inflammation both in vitro and in vivo, which could be mainly due to its inhibition of NF-κB signaling activation. In conclusion, chrysin may serve as a promising therapeutic candidate for inflammatory vascular diseases.