Chrysin reduces anxiety-like behavior through actions on GABAreceptors during metestrus-diestrus in the rat.
Behav Brain Res. 2020 Oct 2 ;397:112952. Epub 2020 Oct 2. PMID: 33017640
Juan Francisco Rodríguez-Landa
Low concentrations of ovarian hormones, among other factors, are associated with greater vulnerability to negative effects of environmental stressors and may trigger anxiety symptoms in females. The flavonoid chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) exerts anxiolytic-like effects in male and ovariectomized female rats, but it is unknown if chrysin could reduce anxiety-like behavior that naturally occurs through the ovarian cycle phases. The present study evaluated the effect of chrysin on anxiety-like behavior associated with the ovarian cycle phases in rats and the participation ofγ-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA) receptors in these actions. The acute effects of chrysin (2 mg/kg) were investigated in female cycling Wistar rats in the elevated plus maze, locomotor activity test, and light/dark test. Diazepam (2 mg/kg) was used as reference anxiolytic drug. The participation of GABAreceptor in the anxiolytic actions of chrysin was explored by pretreating the rats with the noncompetitive GABAchloride ion channel antagonist picrotoxin (1 mg/kg). Chrysin and diazepam prevented anxiety-like behavior that was associated with the metestrus-diestrus phase in both the elevated plus maze and light/dark test, and these effects were reversed by picrotoxin, with no significant changes in spontaneous locomotor activity. No significant motor effects of chrysin were detected in either behavioral test during proestrus-estrus or metestrus-diestrus phases, whereas diazepam produced motor hypoactivity in the locomotor activity test during proestrus-estrus phase. These results indicate that the flavonoid chrysin prevents anxiety-like behavior that naturally occurs during metestrus-diestrus in two unconditioned models that are used to evaluate anxiety-like behavior, and these effects were mediated by actions on GABAreceptors.