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Abstract Title:

Cisplatin-resistant osteosarcoma cell-derived exosomes confer cisplatin resistance to recipient cells in an exosomal circ_103801-dependent manner.

Abstract Source:

Cell Biol Int. 2020 Dec 15. Epub 2020 Dec 15. PMID: 33325136

Abstract Author(s):

Yuanxing Pan, Yunfei Lin, Chuan Mi

Article Affiliation:

Yuanxing Pan

Abstract:

Studies have shown that exosomes can mediate the chemoresistance of drug-resistant cells by transmitting circular RNAs (circRNAs). However, the role of exosome-derived hsa_circ_103801 (exosomal hsa_circ_103801) in osteosarcoma (OS) remains unclear. The level of hsa_circ_103801 was upregulated in the serum exosomes from patients with OS, and OS patients with high hsa_circRNA_103801 expression had a shorter survival time relative to patients with low hsa_circ_103801 expression. The expression of hsa_circ_103801 was upregulated in cisplatin-resistant MG63 (MG63/CDDP) cells compared to that in MG63 cells. Additionally, hsa_circ_103801 was highly enriched in exosomes derived from CDDP-resistant OS cells and could be delivered to MG63 and U2OS cells through exosomes. Exosomes derived from CDDP-resistant cells were shown to reduce the sensitivity of MG63 and U2OS cells to CDDP, inhibit apoptosis, and increase the expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 and P-glycoprotein. Moreover, exosomal hsa_circ_103801 could strengthen the promotive effect of exosomes on the chemoresistance of MG63 and U2OS cells to CDDP. Hence, serum exosomal hsa_circ_103801 may serve as an effective prognostic biomarker for OS, and exosomal hsa_circ_103801 could be a potential target for overcoming OS chemoresistance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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