Conjugated linoleic acid downregulates insulin-like growth factor-I receptor levels in HT-29 human colon cancer cells.
J Nutr. 2003 Aug;133(8):2675-81. PMID: 12888657
Division of Life Sciences, Hallym University, Chunchon, 200-702, Korea.
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has chemoprotective properties in a variety of experimental cancer models. We have previously observed that dietary CLA inhibits colon tumorigenesis induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine in rats. In addition, our in vitro studies have shown that CLA inhibits DNA synthesis and induces apoptosis in HT-29 cells, the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line. The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system regulates the growth of HT-29 cells by an autocrine mechanism. The present study examined whether the growth inhibitory effect of CLA is related to changes in the IGF system in HT-29 cells. To determine whether CLA inhibits IGF-II production, HT-29 cells were incubated in serum-free medium in the presence of various concentrations of CLA. CLA decreased protein levels of both mature and pro IGF-II and IGF-II transcripts. Whereas exogenous IGF-I and IGF-II produced an increase in cell number, neither IGF-I nor IGF-II counteracted the negative growth regulatory effect of CLA. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis of total cell lysates revealed that CLA decreased IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) transcript and protein levels in a dose-dependent manner. Immunoprecipitation/Western blot studies revealed that CLA inhibited IGF-I-induced phosphorylation of IGF-IR and insulin-receptor substrate (IRS)-1, recruitment of the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) to IGF-IR, IGF-IR-associated PI3K activity, and phosphorylated Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-1/2 levels. In conclusion, the inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis by CLA in HT-29 cells may be mediated in part by its ability to decrease IGF-II synthesis and to downregulate IGF-IR signaling and the PI3K/Akt and ERK-1/2 pathways.